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Narcotics (Opioids)

Fentanyl-Carfentanil-Heroin-Lethal-Dose

WHAT ARE NARCOTICS?

Also known as “opioids,” the term “narcotic” comes from the Greek word for “stupor” and originally referred to a variety of substances that dulled the senses and relieved pain. Though some people still refer to all drugs as “narcotics,” today “narcotic” refers to opium, opium derivatives, and their semi-synthetic substitutes. A more current term for these drugs, with less uncertainty regarding its meaning, is “opioid.” Examples include the illicit drug heroin and pharmaceutical drugs like OxyContin, Vicodin, codeine, morphine, methadone, and fentanyl.

WHAT IS THEIR ORIGIN?

The poppy Papaver somniferum is the source for all natural opioids, whereas synthetic opioids are made entirely in a lab and include meperidine, fentanyl, and methadone. Semi-synthetic opioids are synthesized from naturally occurring opium products, such as morphine and codeine, and include heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone, and hydromorphone. Teens can obtain narcotics from friends, family members, medicine cabinets, pharmacies, nursing homes, hospitals, hospices, doctors, and the Internet

September 30, 2020

Remarks by DEA Acting Assistant Administrator Timothy McDermott at the National Healthcare Fraud Takedown Press Conference

Due to the efforts of DEA and our partners, from January 2017 through August 2020, we have seen the number of opioid prescriptions drop nearly 37 percent, a reduction in over 47 percent of opioids dispensed, and most importantly -- an 18 percent drop in prescription overdose deaths over the last two years.

September 21, 2020

Counterfeit Controlled Prescription Drug Availability in Pennsylvania and Delaware

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Philadelphia Field Division (PFD) is advising law enforcement and public health counterparts of the increased availability of counterfeit controlled prescription drugs (CPDs) – commonly sold as legitimate CPDs with most containing fentanyl/ fentanyl-related compounds (FRC) – in Pennsylvania and Delaware.

September 3, 2020

Prescription Opioid Threat in Pennsylvania, 2020

The PDIP strives to maintain situational awareness of the threat posed by prescription opioids in Pennsylvania, and to share these analyses with stakeholders in federal, state, and municipal governments. In 2013, the PDIP published a Pharmaceutical Threat Assessment for Pennsylvania that found prescription opioid availability and abuse at epidemic levels. In 2016 and 2019, the PDIP published updated assessments detailing prescription opioid availability and abuse trends; this 2020 assessment builds on the previous analyses.

August 11, 2020

The Drug Situation in Delaware 2020

The Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) Philadelphia Field Division (PFD) Intelligence Program conducted an analysis of drug availability and abuse for the State of Delaware. This product highlights significant findings regarding various drug trends since last reported in 2017.

The primary drug threats identified in Delaware are illicit opioids, cocaine, controlled prescription drugs, and methamphetamine. The determination of drug threats in Delaware considers a variety of factors including: availability, threat to public health, community impact, attendant crime, enforcement activity, seizures, drug abuse and treatment statistics, and propensity for abuse.

The PFD Intelligence Program analyzed the following indicators in this assessment: illicit and controlled prescription drug availability; drug prices and purity; and fatal drug-related overdose data.

June 5, 2020

Synthetic Opioids - Drug Fact Sheet

DEA's revised and updated drug fact sheet about the class of drugs known as synthetic opioids - what are they, what their origin is, what are common street names for these drugs, what do they look like, how they are abused, what their effect is on the minds and bodies of users including signs of overdose, and their legal status. 

June 5, 2020

Opium - Drug Fact Sheet

DEA's revised and updated drug fact sheet about the opium - what it is and its history, what are its common street names, what it looks like, how it is abused, what its effect on the minds and bodies of users are including signs of overdose, and it legal status. 

June 5, 2020

Narcotics - Drug Fact Sheet

DEA's revised and updated drug fact sheet about the class of drugs known as narcotics - what they are, what their origin is, what are the common street names for these drugs, what do they look like, how they are abused, what their effect is on the minds and bodies of users including signs of overdose, and their legal status. 

September 16, 2019

Drug-Related Overdose Deaths in Pennsylvania, 2018 (BUL-132-19)

Since 2014, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Philadelphia Division Intelligence Program (PDIP) has annually collected and analyzed data and disseminated perceived trends and key findings that concern drug-related overdose deaths in Pennsylvania. This analysis has informed a multi-disciplinary audience relating to the drugs, populations, and geographic areas of greatest concern...

May 31, 2019

Updating the Prescription Opioid Threat in Pennsylvania

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Philadelphia Division’s Intelligence Program (PDIP) reviewed a set of data indicators for the years 2015-2018 to assess the current prescription opioid threat in Pennsylvania. Analysis revealed that a positive change in the prescription opioid threat may be underway...

June 4, 2019

Greg Cherundolo The Countdown: Fentanyl Analogues and the Expiring Emergency Scheduling Order

Greg Cherundolo Chief of Operations Office of Global Enforcement Drug Enforcement Administration U.S. Department of Justice before the United States Senate Judiciary Committee for hearing entitled:  The Countdown: Fentanyl Analogues and the Expiring Emergency Scheduling Order.

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