Drug Enforcement Administration

San Francisco

Christopher Nielsen, Special Agent in Charge

March 25, 2014

Contact: Casey Rettig

Phone Number: (415) 436-7994

Case Update: Central Valley Marijuana Traffickers

FRESNO, Calif.) - Marijuana cultivators from Fresno and Stanislaus Counties entered guilty pleas today in three cases and sentenced in two for their involvement in separate large-scale marijuana cultivation operations.

Fresno Man Pleads Guilty in River Marijuana (1:12CR342 AWI) -

Sam Kounhavong, 51, of Fresno, Calif., also entered a guilty plea to conspiring to manufacture, distribute and possess with intent to distribute marijuana grown beside the San Joaquin River in the vicinity of Newman in Stanislaus County.  In pleading guilty, Kouhnavong acknowledged that he and four other men cultivated 907 marijuana plants under the guise of compliance with California medical marijuana law.  Although federal law does not recognize a medical purpose for marijuana, Kounhavong admitted that the marijuana was grown for profit without any medical purpose.  During the execution of a search warrant at the grow site, agents also found a firearm and saw that water from the San Joaquin River had been diverted to irrigate the marijuana plants.

Kounhavong faces a maximum prison term of 20 years and a fine of up to $1 million.  His actual sentence will be determined at the discretion of the court after consideration of any applicable statutory sentencing factors and the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, which take into account a number of variables.  He is scheduled for sentencing on June 2, 2014.   

The case was investigated by federal agents from the DEA and Stanislaus Drug Enforcement Agency, a multi-agency drug task force in Modesto.     

Fresno Man Sentenced for Ag (1:12CR2341 LJO -

Phonepaseuth Phaphilom, 27, of Fresno, was sentenced to 46 months in prison followed by 36 months supervised release for conspiring to cultivate, distribute and possess with intent to distribute marijuana grown on an agricultural parcel on Marks Avenue in rural southwest Fresno.  During the execution of a federal search warrant there, narcotics agents found Phaphilom with four other men from out of the area, 2,932 marijuana plants, and a firearm.  The men claimed the plants were being grown for medical reasons.  While federal law does not recognize the medical use of marijuana, several of the men acknowledged that the operation was for profit, in violation of California law.  Phaphilom, who was detained pretrial based in part on a criminal history that included weapons and narcotics violations, said he was going to sell the marijuana "up North" for $800 a pound.  Based on a conservative one pound per plant yield, the cultivation operation was valued at over $2.3 million.  In addition, court records indicate that some of the marijuana was destined for Las Vegas.  The State of Nevada does not recognize the medical use of marijuana.   

The case against Phaphilom was investigated by the DEA and Fresno County Sheriff's Office.

Assistant United States Attorney Karen A. Escobar prosecuted the above cases.

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