Our nation is in the midst of an opioid addiction crisis. As a response, the DEA 360 Strategy takes an innovative three-pronged approach to combating heroin/opioid use through law enforcement, diversion control and community outreach.
Prevent Prescription Drug and Heroin Abuse
There has been a 104% increase in unintentional drug overdoses in Dayton since 2010 (Source: Dayton Division - Overdose Data). Watch.
The DEA and Discovery Education have teamed up to launch Operation Prevention, a program geared towards fighting opioid misuse among young people. Their site includes interactive K-12 lessons, virtual field trips, resources for parents and more. Go to Operation Prevention's website.
Test your knowledge about opioids by taking this quiz.
Fentanyl Fuels Dayton's Rising Overdose Deaths
Video: Families of Addicts (FOA)
Families of Addicts (FOA), an initiative founded in Dayton, Ohio, connects people affected by drug addiction. According to its website, the organization works to "reduce the stigma of addiction, ensure availability of adequate treatment/recovery support services and to influence public opinion and policy regarding the value of recovery."
Heroin and Fentanyl
The use of heroin and fentanyl – both highly addictive opioids – is on the rise nationwide. Many heroin users started off abusing prescription drugs.
Heroin is an opiate drug processed from morphine and extracted from certain poppy plants. It is highly addictive, cheaper than prescription medication, and produces a euphoric high.
When used legally, fentanyl is a prescription painkiller. On a small scale, the drug is diverted from the legitimate market for sale. But it is illegal fentanyl, mostly made in Chinese and Mexican underground labs, that is largely responsible for the current epidemic across the country.
Users are attracted to fentanyl’s strong, euphoric high. The addiction is very strong. Many users constantly seek out the drug to avoid withdrawal.
Fentanyl and Ohio Overdoses
More recently, fentanyl has become the driving force behind Ohio's unintentional drug overdoses. In 24 of the state's counties, more than 90 percent of unintentional drug overdoses in January and February 2017 involved fentanyl or drugs with a similar structure to fentanyl, according to researchers at Wright State University.
Ohio Overdose Deaths
Between 2010 and 2016 the drug overdose deaths in Ohio's Montgomery County has more than doubled (see chart).
And, so far, the numbers from 2017 are astonishing.
According to preliminary figures from the local coroner's office, Montgomery County had 385 overdose deaths as of June; this number surpasses the total number of deadly overdoses that occurred in 2016.
Fentanyl Leads the Way
In 2016, fentanyl was behind 72 percent of the overdose deaths in Montgomery County -- a 30 percent increase over the previous year. During a similar time period, the number of overdoses due to heroin dropped -- more than 20 percent-- between 2015 and 2016.
(U) U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration, DEA Intelligence Report, National Heroin Threat Assessment Summary; April 2015.
"Prescription opioid use is a risk factor for heroin use." National Institute on Drug Abuse; December 2015; https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/relationship-bet... (accessed April 2017)
22016 National Drug Threat Assessment Summary Link: https://www.dea.gov/resource-center/DIR-001-17%202016%20NDTA%20Summary.pdf
"Fentanyl plays rising role in Ohio overdose deaths." Dayton Daily News; September 5, 2017: http://www.daytondailynews.com/news/fentanyl-plays-rising-role-ohio-over...(accessed September 2017)
December 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
“Fentanyl: The Next Wave of the Opioid Crisis.” Statement from Louis J. Milione Assistant Administrator, Drug Enforcement Administration. March 21, 2017.
"Kettering, county surpass 2016 fatal overdose total before June." June 30, 2017: Dayton Daily News: https://www.mydaytondailynews.com/news/crime--law/montgomery-county-the-... (accessed September 2017).
"New Report on Drug Overdose Deaths in Montgomery County." Wright State University. June 15, 2017. https://medicine.wright.edu/about/news-and-events/announcements/article/...
- The vast majority of teens do not use heroin. In a 2018 national survey, only 0.4% of 12th graders used heroin in the past year.
- 96.4 percent of 12th graders disapprove of taking heroin occasionally.
- About 165,000 young people between 18 to 25 reported having a heroin use disorder in the past year.
PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE:
- Prescription opioid analgesics, specifically those containing oxycodone and hydrocodone, are the most common types of prescription drugs that are diverted for misuse and abused.
- Each day in the United States, over 192 people die as a result of a drug overdose.
- In 2017, an estimated 3.2 million people (aged 12 or older) reported current misuse of pain relievers.
- 53% of nonmedical users (12 years or older) reported receiving the prescription drugs they most recently used “from a friend or relative for free.”
- Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is 80-100 times stronger than morphine.
- Drug deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone (which includes fentanyl) increased almost 47% from 2016 to 2017.
Explore common misconceptions about opioids through the voices of teens. Go to Operation Prevention.
1 Source: University of Michigan, 2018 Monitoring the Future Study. View source here.
2 Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2018. View source here.
3 Source: Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. View source here.
4 Source: Prescription Drug Use and Misuse in the United States: Results from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2018. View source here.
5 Source: Rudd RA, Seth P, David F, Scholl L. Increases in Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2010–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 16 December 2016. View source here.
6 Source: “Fentanyl: Illicitly-made fentanyl use is on the rise." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. View source here.
CASH OWEN, 22
Cash Owen, described as intelligent and charming by his family, was only 22 years old when he died from a drug overdose. Read more.
Nationwide, in 2016, about 3.8 million people aged 12 or older received substance use treatment in the past year. Most of them were over the age of 25 (three million); about 624,000 were aged 18-25, and 180,000 were aged 12-17.1
If You Need Someone to Talk To ...
Montgomery County ADAMHS has partnered with Goodwill Easter Seals Miami Valley to bring the Miami Valley Warmline to the community (937) 528 -7777. The Miami Valley Warmline operates Monday through Friday, between 11:00 am and 7:00 pm. This non-emergency service will provide free and confidential mental, behavioral and recovery services to the local community.
Call the warmline at (937) 528 -7777.
The guide below is provided for your use by the Montgomery County Drug-Free Coalition and DEA360. Its purpose is to let you know about what substance abuse services and resources are available in Montgomery County. Click on each of the sections below for the resources in that specific category.
Child and Adolescent Services
Crisis Intervention Services
Dual (Psychiatric and Substance Abuse) Treatment Services
Family Support Groups
Military and Veterans Services
Residential / Inpatient Programs
Self Help: Recovery Groups & Informational Resources
Treatment Facility Locators
If you want to get involved in the DEA 360 Strategy you can start by educating yourself on the prescription opioid and heroin epidemic, and then share what you have learned with your family, friends, community, neighbors, etc.
Join a coalition or volunteer with a partnering organization.
Properly dispose of prescription drugs.
If you have prescription drugs that have expired or you no longer need you can deposit them into prescription drop-off boxes located in your community.