In November 2019, DEA 360, along with the Mark Wahlberg Youth Foundation, held a youth summit in Baltimore to educate students about the dangers of opioid misuse. Watch above for students' reactions after the event.
|Baltimore native Raven Jackson won the 2017 Red Ribbon Campus PSA Contest for her creative, animated anti-drug video that promoted healthy alternatives to drug use. Watch it here.|
Earlier this summer, DEA 360 and local organizations hosted an adult opioid summit in Baltimore. During the well-attended event, presenters spoke about how the epidemic is affecting Baltimore and informed the audience about various resources in the community.
If you couldn't make the event, don't worry! Below, we've included a few of the speakers' presentations (in PDF form), each full of information you can use to learn about the origin of the opioid epidemic in your area and how community organizations and law enforcement are trying to help.
"DEA 360 Baltimore: An Intelligence Assessment" (pdf) Presented by DEA
"The Faith-Based Response to the Opioid Crisis" (pdf) Presented by Karl C. Colder, president of Colder Allied Consulting, LLC
"Response to Substance Use Disorder: Faith-Based Toolkit" (pdf) Presented by Karl C. Colder
"The Opioid Epidemic Practical Toolkit: Helping Faith-based and Community Leaders Bring Hope and Healing to Our Communities" (pdf) Presented by Karl C. Colder
"Making our Neighbors and Neighborhoods Healthier" (pdf) Presented by Selwyn Ray, director of Johns Hopkins Health System Community Relations
"Opioids: Safe Prescribing, Patient Care and Pain Management" (pdf) Presented by Dr. Gary Pushkin, orthopedic surgeon in Baltimore
Naloxone is an opioid receptor antagonist that rapidly binds to opioid receptors, blocking heroin from activating them. An appropriate dose of naloxone acts in less than 2 minutes and completely eliminates all signs of opioid intoxication to reverse an opioid overdose.1 Between 1996 and 2014, naloxone reportedly reversed over 26,000 overdoses.2
Evzio and Narcan
Naloxone that can be used by nonmedical personnel has been shown to be cost-effective and save lives.
In April 2014, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a Naloxone hand-held auto-injector called Evzio®, which rapidly delivers a single dose of naloxone into the muscle or under the skin, buying time until medical assistance can arrive.3
Narcan® is an FDA approved prescription nasal spray that is used to stop a person from overdosing on opioids. It is a nasal form of naloxone.
Both Evzio® and Narcan® can be used on both adults and children and can be administered by first responders, family members, or caregivers.
Getting Naloxone in Baltimore
Because of a statewide standing order, naloxone is available across the state of Maryland without a prescription.
Check out this map to find out where you can get naloxone.
1Source: National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). Research Report Series: Heroin. November 2014, Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA).
2Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Opioid Overdose Prevention Programs Providing Naloxone to Laypersons — United States, 2014.
3Source: National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). Research Report Series: Heroin. November 2014, Bethesda, MD: National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Don’t ShareKeep track of your legally prescribed controlled substances – that is, count your pills so you always know how much you should have and so you know when to take action if any go missing. With controlled substances, sharing is NOT caring. You could be putting your loved ones at risk, and unintentionally contribute to drug misuse, drug addiction, or a fatal drug overdose.
Limit AccessEveryone knows to keep medicine “out of the reach of children” but once your children become teens, there’s a good chance they can “reach” all medicines in your home and they know exactly where you keep what. Many people keep their medicine in easy to reach, easy to access cupboards, medicine cabinets, drawers, etc. So put your medicine somewhere that only you can easily find and access. Lock it up if you can. This will keep your medicine from unintentionally ending up in the wrong hands and just may save someone’s life! See more:Securing and Disposing of Medication by the Partnership for Drug Free Kids.
Safely Dispose of Unused or Expired MedsParticipate in National Take Back Day – The DEA hosts a national Take Back Day twice a year. Check out the website for information. Safe Disposal at Home – Check out the resources below for information on how to safely dispose of your medication.
- DEA brochure: The Drug Enforcement Administration provides guidance on the right way to dispose of unused medicine in this PDF.
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA): This webpage lists options and instructions you can refer to when disposing of expired, unwanted, or unused medicines.
- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):
Heroin and Fentanyl
The abuse of prescription medication has been a serious issue in the state for a while. But now, unfortunately, users are turning to the cheaper and more potent opioids heroin and fentanyl to get high.
Nationwide, among new heroin users, 75 percent report having abused prescription opioids before using heroin.
In Maryland, the majority of drug overdose deaths were to to the synthetic opioid, fentanyl, in 2017.
For decades, the number of fatal opioid overdoses nationwide had been steadily increasing, according to numbers from the National Vital Statistics System. But in 2018, the number of overall opioid deaths dropped to 46,802.
Unfortunately, the number of deaths from synthetic opioids - like fentanyl - continues to rise. Between 2017 and 2018, synthetic opioid deaths increased 9%.
Drug Overdoses in Maryland
For the last several years, the state of Maryland has consistently had one of the highest drug overdose death rates in the entire nation. In 2017, the synthetic opioid fentanyl was behind most of the overdose deaths.
- The vast majority of teens do not use heroin. In a 2018 national survey, only 0.4% of 12th graders used heroin in the past year.
- 96.4 percent of 12th graders disapprove of taking heroin occasionally.
- About 165,000 young people between 18 to 25 reported having a heroin use disorder in the past year.
PRESCRIPTION DRUG ABUSE:
- Prescription opioid analgesics, specifically those containing oxycodone and hydrocodone, are the most common types of prescription drugs that are diverted for misuse and abused.
- Each day in the United States, over 192 people die as a result of a drug overdose.
- In 2017, an estimated 3.2 million people (aged 12 or older) reported current misuse of pain relievers.
- 53% of nonmedical users (12 years or older) reported receiving the prescription drugs they most recently used “from a friend or relative for free.”
- Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is 80-100 times stronger than morphine.
- Drug deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone (which includes fentanyl) increased almost 47% from 2016 to 2017.
Explore common misconceptions about opioids through the voices of teens. Go to Operation Prevention.
1 Source: University of Michigan, 2018 Monitoring the Future Study. View source here.
2 Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2018. View source here.
3 Source: Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2013–2017. View source here.
4 Source: Prescription Drug Use and Misuse in the United States: Results from the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, September 2018. View source here.
5 Source: Rudd RA, Seth P, David F, Scholl L. Increases in Drug and Opioid-Involved Overdose Deaths — United States, 2010–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 16 December 2016. View source here.
6 Source: “Fentanyl: Illicitly-made fentanyl use is on the rise." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. View source here.
Ian was a nationally ranked junior tennis player and was an excellent skateboarder and surfer. During the summer months, he taught other teens lifeguarding skills and techniques. Ian played the guitar and was described by friends as a sweet, mellow, likable guy with a wide circle of friends and a loving family. Everyone thought Ian would attend college on a tennis scholarship. No one suspected that he would become a heroin addict and lose his life at the age of 21. Read more.
Need Someone to Talk to?
The Partnership for Drug-Free Kids has trained professionals to available via phone and online chat to help parents who think their loved one is struggling with addiction. Learn more.
Help for Veterans
Veterans Affairs offers a number of options for those seeking treatment for substance use problems. These options include therapy, either alone with the therapist or in a group, as well as medications to help veterans reduce their use of alcohol, tobacco and drugs. Learn more on their website.
The Baltimore City Health Department is dedicated to decreasing the number of opioid-related overdose deaths in Baltimore City. Opioid overdose is a major public health crisis.
If you want to get involved in the DEA 360 Strategy you can start by educating yourself on the prescription opioid and heroin epidemic, and then share what you have learned with your family, friends, community, neighbors, etc.
Join a coalition or volunteer with a partnering organization.
Properly dispose of prescription drugs.
If you have prescription drugs that have expired or you no longer need you can deposit them into prescription drop-off boxes located in your community.