The flow of fentanyl into the United States in 2019 is more diverse compared to the start of the fentanyl crisis in 2014, with new source countries and new transit countries emerging as significant trafficking nodes. This is exacerbating the already multi-faceted fentanyl crisis by introducing additional source countries into the global supply chain of fentanyl, fentanyl-related substances, and fentanyl precursors. Further, this complicates law enforcement operations and policy efforts to stem the flow of fentanyl into the United States. While Mexico and China are the primary source countries for fentanyl and fentanyl-related substances trafficked directly into the United States, India is emerging as a source for finished fentanyl powder and fentanyl precursor chemicals.
The DEA New Orleans Division conducted a five-year review of the data on synthetic substances reported in the National Forensic Laboratory Information System for their area of responsibility. The findings revealed that Louisiana submitted the majority of reports for synthetic cannabinoid substance and synthetic cathinones substance for 2013 to 2017. Synthetic cannabinoid substance and synthetic cathinones are classified as new psychoactive substances (NPS).
The 2019 National Drug Threat Assessment (NDTA) is a comprehensive strategic assessment of the threat posed to the United States by domestic and international drug trafficking and the abuse of both licit and illicit drugs. The report combines federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement reporting; public health data; open source reporting; and intelligence from other government agencies to determine which substances and criminal organizations represent the greatest threat to the United States.
The vast majority of drugs entering Chicago and the surrounding area, including fentanyl and fentanyl-related substances (FRS), heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine, continue to be smuggled across the United States–Mexico border. Availability and abuse of these drugs is high, with opioids being the most prevalent in major cities and methamphetamine in rural areas. The primary organizational threats within the CFD are Mexican drug trafficking organizations (DTOs)—often referred to as cartels— that distribute illicit drugs through trusted intermediaries to local street gangs for retail sale.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Chicago Field Division (CFD) conducted a study of all exhibits containing fentanyl and/or fentanyl-related substances (FRS) acquired within the CFD’s area of responsibility (AOR) between fiscal year (FY) 2015 and FY 2019 up to May 30, 2019. The CFD AOR includes the States of Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin. The exhibits included those acquired by DEA and other federal agencies, such as the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
The phenomenon of drug overdose death has grown steadily worse in the United States during most of the 21st century and has been skyrocketing since 2013 and the introduction of illicitly manufactured fentanyl-related substances into the domestic drug market...
Since 2014, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Philadelphia Division Intelligence Program (PDIP) has annually collected and analyzed data and disseminated perceived trends and key findings that concern drug-related overdose deaths in Pennsylvania. This analysis has informed a multi-disciplinary audience relating to the drugs, populations, and geographic areas of greatest concern...
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Philadelphia Division’s Intelligence Program (PDIP) reviewed a set of data indicators for the years 2015-2018 to assess the current prescription opioid threat in Pennsylvania. Analysis revealed that a positive change in the prescription opioid threat may be underway...
The DEA Heroin Domestic Monitor Program (HDMP) is a retail-level heroin purchase program that provides data analysis about the geographic source of heroin along with price, purity, adulterants, and diluents sold at the street-level in 27 U.S. cities. The data in this report is from 2016.
Crafting initiatives and strategies to address opioid supply, demand, and misuse requires timely and actionable information and data, which this report endeavors to provide. This report presents a comprehensive assessment of the opioid crisis in Pennsylvania, through collection and analysis of supply and demand indicators and intelligence, as well as detailed county level analysis of multiple opioid misuse data sources.
The Drug Enforcement Administration’s Heroin Signature Program (HSP) analyzed several hundred wholesale-level heroin samples in 2016 to identify the geographic area where the samples were manufactured (Mexico, South America [SA], Southwest Asia [SWA], or Southeast Asia [SEA]).
The purpose of the Greater New Orleans Situational Drug Report is to identify current and emerging drug trends within the New Orleans metropolitan area as well as to deliver accurate and timely strategic intelligence to assist drug treatment and prevention organizations in the development of drug prevention and mitigation strategies. This assessment provides an overview of the region’s primary drug threats.
The 2018 National Drug Threat Assessment (NDTA) is a comprehensive strategic assessment of the threat posed to the United States by domestic and international drug trafficking and the abuse of illicit drugs. The report combines federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement reporting; public health data; open source reporting; and intelligence from other government agencies to determine which substances and criminal organizations represent the greatest threat to the United States.
This Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Intelligence Report contains new and updated information on slang terms and code words from a variety of law enforcement and open sources, and serves as an updated version to the product entitled “Drug Slang Code Words” published by the DEA in May 2017. It is designed as a ready reference for law enforcement personnel who are confronted with hundreds of slang terms and code words used to identify a wide variety of controlled substances, designer drugs, synthetic compounds, measurements, locations, weapons, and other miscellaneous terms relevant to the drug trade. Although every effort was made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information presented, due to the dynamics of the ever-changing drug scene, subsequent additions, deletions, and corrections are inevitable. Future addendums and updates to this report will attempt to capture changed terminology to the furthest extent possible. This compendium of slang terms and code words is alphabetically ordered, with new additions presented in italic text, and identifies drugs and drug categories in English and foreign language derivations.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) New Jersey Division’s Intelligence Program conducted a bi-annual assessment of the drug threats occurring within the State of New Jersey between January and June 2017. This report highlights the strategic and significant findings regarding the illicit drug trends in the New Jersey Division’s (NJD) area of responsibility (AOR). Unless otherwise noted, data and findings are from DEA reporting.
Fentanyl is the most prevalent and the most significant synthetic opioida threat to the United States and will very likely remain the most prevalent synthetic opioid threat in the near term. The fentanyl threat remains most severe in the white powder heroin user market in the Midwest and Northeast United States, and fentanyl availability continues to be primarily by itself or with heroin. Fentanyl mixtures with non-opioid substances are a cause for public health concern due to the high potential for large numbers of fatal overdoses in short periods of time; however, there is no evidence that transnational criminal organizations (TCO) are trafficking strategic quantities of fentanyl already mixed with non-opioid drugs. Fentanyl’s popularity is unlikely to be challenged in the near term, but traffickers will likely continue to produce new fentanyl-related substances and other novel opioids.
In June and July 2017, law enforcement authorities made multiple undercover purchases of crack cocaine from one dealer in Baltimore, MD. In September 2017, official laboratory results indicated that two of these purchases tested as N-ethylpentylone Hydrochloride, a synthetic cathinone (“bath salts”) derivative classified as a Schedule I Controlled Substance Analogue.
As of October 2017, a review of Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) data show that cocaine submissions indicate it is the number one seized substance by incident by law enforcement officials in South Carolina. The number of submissions has fluctuated with a high of 4,764 (in 2010) and a low of 3,492 (in 2012). The percent of cocaine submissions has declined every year since 2011 when compared to all South Carolina submissions.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Philadelphia Field Division (PFD) conducted an assessment of laboratory-analyzed drug seizures. Some seized cocaine exhibits were found to contain cocaine and fentanyl, as well as a combined cocaine and fentanyl presence in overdose death toxicology reporting. This analysis was conducted in response to reported increases in the co-occurrence of cocaine and fentanyl in other regions and subsequent inquiries regarding trends in Pennsylvania.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Philadelphia Field Division (PFD) conducted a review of laboratory-analyzed drug seizures for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The resulting analysis of this data formed the basis for estimating the level of drug presence in Pennsylvania and highlighted trends in drug availability between 1999 and 2016.