Mexican transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) pose the greatest criminal drug threat to the United States; no other group is currently positioned to challenge them. These Mexican poly-drug organizations traffic heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine, and marijuana throughout the United States, using established transportation routes and distribution networks. They control drug trafficking across the Southwest Border and are moving to expand their share, particularly in the heroin and methamphetamine markets.
The threat posed by heroin in the United States is serious and has increased since 2007. Heroin is available in larger quantities, used by a larger number of people, and is causing an increasing number of overdose deaths. In 2013, 8,620 Americans died from heroin-related overdoses, nearly triple the number in 2010. (See Chart 1.) Increased demand for, and use of, heroin is being driven by both increasing availability of heroin in the U.S. market and by some controlled prescription drug (CPD) abusers using heroin. CPD abusers who begin using heroin do so chiefly because of price differences, but also because of availability, and the reformulation of OxyContin®, a commonly abused prescription opioid.
Marijuana Concentrates—also known as “THC Extractions” (2014) is a six panel, two-sided pamphlet that provides information on the dangers of marijuana concentrates. The pamphlet also describes the common street names, how it is abused, and the dangers of converting marijuana into marijuana concentrates using the butane extraction process.
The threat from CPD abuse is persistent and deaths involving CPDs outnumber those involving heroin and cocaine combined. The economic cost of nonmedical use of prescription opioids alone in the United States totals more than $53 billion annually. Transnational Criminal Organizations (TCOs), street gangs, and other criminal groups, seeing the enormous profit potential in CPD diversion, have become increasingly involved in transporting and distributing CPDs. The number of drug overdose deaths, particularly from CPDs, has grown exponentially in the past decade and has surpassed motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of injury death in the United States. Rogue pain management clinics (commonly referred to as pill mills) also contribute to the extensive availability of illicit pharmaceuticals in the United States. To combat pill mills and stem the flow of illicit substances, many states are establishing new pill mill legislation and prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs).
The 2013 National Drug Threat Assessment (NDTA) Summary addresses emerging developments related to the trafficking and use of primary illicit substances of abuse and the nonmedical use of controlled prescription drugs (CPDs). In the preparation of this report, DEA intelligence analysts considered quantitative data from various sources (seizures, investigations, arrests, drug purity or potency, and drug prices; law enforcement surveys; laboratory analyses; and interagency production and cultivation estimates) and qualitative information (subjective views of individual agencies on drug availability, information on smuggling and transportation trends, and indicators of changes in smuggling and transportation methods).
The DEA Phoenix Tactical Diversion Squad (TDS) was established in March 2009.
The TDS’ are based in Phoenix and Tucson--Criminal and Regulatory Groups made up of DEA Special Agents, DEA Diversion Investigators, DEA Analysts and other Federal, State and Local Task Force Officers.
Federal drug law enforcement is founded on a record of achievement as old and honorable, as colorful and proud, as any in the annals of American criminal justice. The achievement is the effort. The rest is for history to decide. In retrospect, it thrived on difficulty, and there are more trials and tribulations ahead. BNDD, ODALE, ONNI and a large contingent from Customs would be unified to form an agent force 2,000 strong. Bearing the brunt of the reorganization would be John R. Bartles Jr., DEA’s first Administrator; and, in a time of troubles, Henry S. Dogin would be called upon to serve as Acting Administrator; until the unification was completed under the direction of Peter B. Bensinger. On July 1, 1973, the Drug Enforcement Administration arose phoenix-like from the ashes. In the voice of one of our great allies in the darkest days of WW II: “Now this is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning.”