Colombian Drug Lord -First Ever Extradicted- Pleads Guilty On Eve Of Trial In Federal Court In Manhattan
ANTHONY P. PLACIDO, SPECIAL AGENT IN CHARGE OF THE DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION NEW YORK OFFICE AND JAMES B. COMEY, the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, announced that ALBERTO ORLANDE GAMBOA, alias ACaracol, the first Colombian drug lord extradited from Colombia to the United States since Colombia resumed extraditing its citizens in December of 1997, pled guilty before United States District Judge THOMAS P. GRIESA in Manhattan federal court today to charges involving massive conspiracies to import tens of thousands of kilograms of cocaine from Colombia to the United States, and to launder the hundreds of millions of dollars in profits generated by the sale of that cocaine.
According to the Indictment, the Government's recitation of the evidence at the plea proceeding, and papers filed in the District Court and in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals, GAMBOA used a penchant for violence and the enormous proceeds of his criminal conduct to consolidate his control over drug trafficking routes along Colombia's Carribean coast. Between 1990 and 1999, and including two separate periods spent in pre-trial detention in Colombia on charges of murder and kidnapping, GAMBOA led a cartel of approximately a dozen large-scale traffickers in Barranquilla, Colombia, who collectively smuggled more than 100,000 pounds of cocaine worth over a billion dollars to the United States and third countries.
The jury selection process in GAMBOA's trial began on Wednesday, March 5, 2003, when a panel of prospective jurors was summoned to federal court in Manhattan to complete juror questionnaires. The trial was scheduled to begin today.
Documents filed in the District Court reveal that GAMBOA and his associates used numerous drug smuggling methods B including ocean-going cargo ships, airplanes and speedboats -to ship cocaine from Colombia and Venezuela's north coasts to various destinations in the United States. According to the Indictment, GAMBOA and his organization transported huge amounts of cocaine first to various Caribbean destinations, and then on to Puerto Rico. Also according to the Indictment, from Puerto Rico they transported much of that cocaine to the New York City metropolitan area and Philadelphia in commercial airline and maritime cargo.
According to documents and exhibits filed in the District Court, GAMBOA and his organization also imported large quantities of cocaine directly to the United States from ports in South America by concealing that cocaine in containers shipped to various ports in Florida. According to the same court papers, the cocaine -shipped hundreds of kilograms at a time -was secreted either in legitimate merchandise or in the walls of the containers themselves.
According to the Indictment and to papers filed in the District Court, between early 1995 and late 1998 alone, law enforcement investigations in several U.S. jurisdictions seized huge quantities of GAMBOA's cocaine, including:
The Indictment alleged that GAMBOA and his organization used various methods to launder the hundreds of millions of dollars in illegal gains from their cocaine importation and trafficking operations. Those methods included converting the cash proceeds of their drug sales into money orders, which were then shipped by overnight delivery to locations in the United States and Colombia; purchasing properties, businesses, and assets around the world; and using black market currency exchanges. On other occasions, GAMBOA simply shipped bulk quantities of United States currency to South America. According to papers and exhibits filed in the District Court, in May 1998, for example, the United States Customs Service seized more than
GAMBOA's guilty plea comes on the heels of a decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit that rejected GAMBOA's argument that statements he made to Colombian prosecutors in connection with charges there prior to his extradition to the United States could not be used against him at his upcoming trial in New York. GAMBOA had successfully argued in the District Court that those statements could not be used against him at his trial in the United States because they were plea discussions and therefore inadmissible under a rule of evidence that precludes the use of plea discussions at trial. The Government appealed the ruling, and a unanimous panel of three judges of the Court of Appeals reversed the District Court, holding that evidence of plea discussions with foreign prosecutors were not covered by the applicable rule of evidence.
In those statements, which were filed with the District Court and the Court of Appeals, GAMBOA B in an effort to avoid extradition by pleading guilty in Colombia B admitted to a decade of drug trafficking, providing detailed description of his trafficking routes, his money laundering operations and his co-conspirators both in Colombia and in the United States. Further, days before his August 18, 2000, extradition GAMBOA issued a statement, titled ADeclaration to My Colombian People, which was sent to -and published by B Cambio Magazine, a Colombian weekly news magazine. In that statement, GAMBOA stated:
"Yes, it is true that I was a drug trafficker and yes, among drug traffickers there are lords, as I know there are. I consider myself among the first ten. And, yes, I might have made a mistake by getting into drug trafficking, but I have never lost my principles of a good person."
GAMBOA's conviction today stems from a five year-long investigation led by the Drug Enforcement Administration's New York Office.
Special Agent in Charge Anthony P. Placidio stated; "This investigation demonstrates the critical importance of coordination and cooperation in law enforcement not only among and between U.S. agencies and officials but also with our international partners in Colombia. This extradition and guilty plea represents the culmination of a major international effort to disrupt and dismantle a transnational criminal organization that was providing in excess of ten metric tons of cocaine to the illicit market in the U.S. The conviction of Orlande-Gamboa provides compelling evidence of American resolve to use any and all legal methods or means to bring the guilty to justice. The case is an object lesson for others that believe they can evade justice by directing their illegal activity from abroad.
GAMBOA is scheduled to be sentenced by Judge GRIESA on May 27, 2003 at 9:30 A.M.
Assistant United States Attorneys MARK F. MENDELSOHN and ROBERTO FINZI are in charge of the prosecution.